The fruits of Grand Naine Banana variety are delicious to eat and keeping Â quality of the fruit is good. Plants - tall, 4.5 to 5.0m height ; Poor yielder, with small bunches 8 -12 kg, 7 - 8 hands of 10 -12 fruits each, 80-90 fruits per bunch. Njalipoovan is a popular shadeâloving tolerant variety that has a great demand among consumers due to its superior fruit quality and it is a delicious variety. In India bananas occupy an area of about 2lakh hectares, mostly in the southern states. It is a medium tall plant, supporting 14-16 kg bunch without propping. Kathali ( கதளி)- Another Tamil term for Vazhai (வாழை) - Banana fruit. Plant tall, robust, pseudostem petiole characteristic deep red colour, free suckering. This is considered a good quality fruit for table purpose. Pulp - white or pale yellow, dry, sweet with delightful flavour. ... Banana Varieties Ask Price. One deep digging may be given during January – February. Ney Poovan is tolerant to leaf spot but susceptible to Fusarium wilt and banana bract mosaic virus. AREA (‘000 ha.) High density planting can be adopted for higher productivity. It is a hybrid clone released by Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore involving three parents - Ladan, Kadali and Musa balbisiana. Apply 20 g in each of Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria during planting and five months after planting. Plant tall (4 to 4.5m height), stem - yellowish green with brownish blotches, reddish margins of petiole and leaf sheath. Nendran and Robusta can be cultivated during April – May. Banana Streak Virus, (BSV), which cause considerable reduction in yield. The fruit is widely available in South India. (Dip the corm in slurry solution containing 4 parts clay plus 5 parts water and sprinkle Carbofuran to control nematodes). Banana varieties grown in different states of India are: Karnataka - Robusta, Rasthali, Dwarf Cavendish, Poovan, Monthan, Elakkibale Fruits are used more than the raw ones. Karpuravalli is a tall, robust plant well suited to marginal lands and soils Â produced under low input conditions. It is one of the oldest cultivated plants. Banana is the common name for herbaceous plants of the genus Musa and for the fruit they produce. Bunch 20-25 kg, over 100 fruits under good management practices. Banana is the fruit of a plant of the genus. This variety of small banana serves as a side dish of traditional putt... Palayamkodan (Palayanthodan). Chennai is a hub of traditional and new age idli shops that sells the good old dish nonstop. Peel - thick, tough, peels easily, dark green turning orange yellow when ripe. Hill Banana Perennial system aggravates Banana Bunchy Top Virus (BBTV). Dark green fruits turn golden yellow with a very good keeping quality. It is a fairly tall and robust plant weighing a bunch of 18-20 kg. The Banana Aphid Pentalonia nigronervosa is the vector of Bunchy-top virus disease. It is a popular commercial cultivar grown extensivelyÂ for table and processing purpose in Karnataka. Maintain two bearing plants and two followers per clump along the contour. Tolerance to leaf spot diseases and nematodes. The plant collapses and topples in 3 – 5 days. It can also be raised for leaf production. ... Red banana From Tamil Nadu. But poor keeping quality and the fruits fall off bunches. Hands are well spaced with cylindrical shape which facliattes packing, loading and transport with minimum damage. The spray may be directed towards crown and pseudostem base upto ground level at 21 days interval atleast thrice. 'Basrai' is the leading commercial variety of Cavendish group and is a leading commercial Immune to Banana Bunchy Top Virus (BBTV) diseases, salt tolerance and normal bunch mass even under marginal condition. Paring and pralinage: Pare the corm and sprinkle 40 g of Carbofuran 3 G over the Corm (Before sprinkling, corm should be dipped in mud slurry). Fruits arebold, stocky,knobbed and pale green in colour. It can also be raised for leaf production. 2015. commons.wikimedia.org. Rasam + Kathali = Rasthaali…means Sweet Banana. borers. Its commercial cultivation is spread over Central and Southrn districts of Tamil Nadu. Bunch - large, 25 kgs, 12 hands, upto 18 fingers, 200 or more fruits. There are also varieties like hill banana, red banana, nendran and others. Use drip irrigation @ 5-10 litres/plant/day from planting to 4th month, 10-15 litres/plant/day from 5th to shooting and 15 litres /plant/day from shooting to till 15 days prior to harvest. Basically a shy yielder but has the potential to yield 30-40 kg bunches under
According to the government, about 380 trees were uprooted by Nivar and 14 acre banana plantation was also damaged. The Tissue Culture Banana is very tasty. It is less susceptible to most of the pests and diseases and adapted to rainfed cultivation with ratooning. Fruits â small to medium, plump at base, tapering at apex, irregularly 5 sided, thick beak. Fruits have a distinct neck with thick green skin turning buff yellow onÂ ripening. Attractive yellowish green colour at maturity. Banana is one of the major and economically important fruit crops of India. The hands are graded based on the number and size of fingers in each hand. Normally one bunch of fruit with 5-8 clusters, maximum of 85 fruits, weighing 7 - 9 kg. In Padugai lands, the crop can be cultivated during January – February and August – September. “There is the Kadappa, Karpoora, Pedda Pachan Arati, Red Banana, Grand Nine, Rastali, Bontha, Potti Panchcha Arati and Tella Chekkra Keli. Longer crop duration, severe susceptibility to fusarium wilt. The major banana varieties grown in Tamil Nadu are Elaki, Poovan, Rasthali. Following is a table stating how much each state contributes to the overall production of banana in the country. The best time for planting in Hill Banana are April to May and June to August. The best time for planting in Irrigated crop is August to September. After forming semicircular basins on uphill side, apply 375 g of 40:30:40 NPK mixture, plus 130 g muriate of potash per clump per application during October, January and April. Pre-treat the suckers with 40 g Carbofuran 3G. Plant 3 suckers / pit at a spacing of 1.8 x 3.6m (4600 plants/ha) for Cavendish varieties and 2 m x 3 m for Nendran (5000 plants/ha). From the tall Assam Plantain to the short ‘Jahanji,’ Vinod’s farm is home to over 430 varieties of bananas today. 20⁰C- 35⁰C is the most favorable temperature range along with a high level of humidity for banana farming in India. Avoid injection of Monocrotophos after flowering. Cover the peduncle with flag leaf and the bunch with leaves to avoid sunscald. Most of Banana is grown by planting suckers. Dwarf varieties like Basrai, Rajapuri etc. Its commercial cultivation is prominent in Kanyakumari and Tirunelveli districts of Tamil Nadu. It is the festival to respect the Farmer and his… Panama Disease Bunches with 8 hands of 12 fingers each, 10 kg weight. If interested please contact me directly at 75985 35368 or 94862 69551. Surface digging should be done once in two months. Remove affected leaves and burn. Padugai Crop duration 18 months. It has an attractive golden yellow color when ripe. Nendran is a dual purpose variety used for dessert and culinary. Red Banana, Nendran, Robusta, Rasthali, Poovan, Virupakashi, Pachanadan Monthan Karpuravalli etc. Fruits have a good shelf life without premature detaching. Red Banana: Found in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and some other regions. It is a sturdy plant and somewhat cold tolerant. It is also sometimes known as the Cardaba banana, though the latter name may be more correctly applied to a very similar cultivar also classified within the Saba subgroup. Do not dump infected materials in the manure pit. per 10 lit of spray fluid. It is well suited as a shade plant for young coffee plantation. Thrips and Lace wing bugs Exceedingly sweet but poor fruit keeping quality. Intercropping:Leguminousvegetables, Beetroot, ElephantfootyamandSunhemp.Avoid growing Cucurbitaceous vegetables. Harvest Kappa pazham is the reddish variety more costlier than the other ones. Coimbatore, Erode, Thoothukudi, Tirunelveli, Trichy, Vellore,Kanyakumari and Karur districts, Grand Naine, Dwarf Cavendish, Robusta, Rasthali, Poovan, Nendran, Red Banana, Ney Poovan, Pachanadan, Monthan, Karpuravalli. Apply N as Neem coated urea. Immune to Banana Bunchy Top viral diseases, salt tolerance and normal bunch mass even under marginal condition. There are fuzzy bananas whose skins are bubblegum pink; green-and-white striped bananas with pulp the color of orange sherbet; bananas that, when cooked, taste like strawberries. Red Banana: Elite banana cultivar and grown for red peeled delicious fruit of unique taste. The popular varieties of bananas suitable for hilly areas are Virupakshi, Sirumalai and Namarai. Introduced variety, important for international trade and high density planting. Insert a gelatin capsule containing 200 mg Fernoxone (2,4 – D) into the corm 7 cm deep using capsule applicator or inject 5 ml Fernoxone solution (125 gm/lit of water) into the pseudostem by using the injection gun. It is one of the most important banana varieties in Philippine cuisine. Its unique fruit quality has made Rasthali popular and a highly prized cultivar for table purpose. Maintain two bearing plants and two followers per clump along the contour. The bunches will be ready for harvest after 12 to 15 months of planting. Poovan: It is the most important commercial variety in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal. It is a medium plant which takes 12-14 months to come to harvest. Red Banana: Elite banana cultivar and grown for red peeled delicious fruit of unique taste. The duration of the variety is about 13 months. Fruit attachment to the pedicel is not as strong as in Virupakshi. It is also known as Lal velchi in Maharashtra. Important commercial variety of Tamil Nadu produced year round in largequantities. A small portion of soil is removed to expose the upper portion of the corm. Fibre from pseudostem and peduncle of four commercial cultivars of Tamil Nadu viz., Grand Naine, Poovan, Monthan and Nendran were extracted using banana fibre extraction machine. Rasthali: Grown in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka and Bihar, it has a unique taste and good aroma. Bunch large, compact, 18 kg, upto 10 hands. Each bunch will be having 10 to 12 hands with 175 to 225 fruits. Pralinage is done with 40 g of Carbofuran 3 G granules per sucker. It has superior growth, yield and quality pararmeters than Pachanadan. Crop duration - 12 to 14 months. Exclusive culinary variety, widely cultivated for processing. Pulp - firm, cream coloured, core conspicuous, medium taste. The plants are medium-sized with slender, yellowish pseudostem having reddish petiole margin.Â. 2: Which clones are grown under irrigated conditions? Useful variety for breeding as it is male and female fertile. It is also popular in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Poor yielder, with small bunches 8 -12 kg, 7 - 8 hands of 10 -12 fruits each,80 - 90 fruits per bunch. ! The bunch weight ranges from 12-15 kg (after 11-12 months). From the tall Assam Plantain to the short ‘Jahanji’, Vinod’s farm is home to over 430 varieties of bananas today. Bunch has 5-6 hands. Fruit quality is medium, sugar acid blend is good with maximum yellow life (7days). Mostly grown as intercrop in coconut and arecanut garden. Use ‘Banana injector’ devised by the Tamil Nadu Agriculture University. It takes only 3-4 years to produce fruits, with an oil content of around 66-68 %. Bunchy-top Bunch 8-9 compact hands, 13-14 fingers per hand, 100 to 120 fruits per bunch. Susceptible to leaf spot, corm weevil, rhizome rot and mosaic diseases. Leguminous vegetables, beetroot, elephant foot yam and sunhemp can be grown as intercrops. Flood fallowing the infected fields. Highly susceptible to Fusarium wilt disease. Ney Poovan is the choicest diploid cultivar, which is under commercial mono
Avoid injection of Monocrotophos after flowering. The fruits are very sweet and soft with thin peel. Highly susceptible to Banana Bract Mosaic Virus (BBMV), nematodes and
Fruits strongly attached to pedicel even on ripening. Surface digging should be done once in two months. It is triploid Â hybrid of banana by crossing Agniswar x Pisang Lilin developed at Banana Research Station, Kannara, Kerala Agricultural University. Varieties Poovan, Robusta, Moongil show resistance. The fruit is also characterised by its medium size and gall formation in the pulp. It is generally cultivated as a perennial crop. Major Markets in Tamil Nadu: Trichy, Coimbatore, Theni : Preferred Varieties and Hybrids : Grand Naine, Dwarf Cavendish, Robusta, Rasthali, Poovan, Nendran, Red Banana, Ney Poovan, Pachanadan, Monthan, Karpuravalli : Grade Specification : The hands are graded based on the number and size of … Tamil Nadu-Virupakshi, Robusta, Rad Banana, Poovan, Rasthali, Nendran, Monthan, Karpuravalli, Sakkai, Peyan, Matti. Just like Kerala has varieties of fish curries, every region in Tamil Nadu has their own variety of idli. 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Its long shelf life without premature detaching Race 1 are well spaced with cylindrical shape which facliattes packing loading. 5Th month after planting, midrib and fruit rind are purplish red in color grown extensivelyÂ for table in! From Phillipines and it is grown commercially throughout the country insecticides to control it, peel red colour, easily.
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